The IACHR is a principal and autonomous body of the Organization of American States (OAS), whose mandate arises from the OAS Charter and the American Convention on Human Rights, and which acts on behalf of all OAS member countries. . It is made up of seven independent members who serve in a personal capacity, do Barbados Email Lists Buy Business Email Marketing List not represent any country in particular and who are elected by the General Assembly for a period of four years, renewable for another four years. 2. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) is one of the two entities of the inter-American system for the protection and promotion of human rights in the Americas. It is based Buy Business Email Marketing List in Washington, D.C. The other body is the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, based in San José, Costa Rica. 3. The IACHR meets in regular and special sessions several times a year. Its Executive Barbados Email Lists Secretariat complies with the instructions of the IACHR and serves as support for the legal and administrative preparation of Buy Business Email Marketing List its tasks. 4. In April 1948, the OAS approved the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, in Bogotá, Colombia, the first international document on human rights of a general nature. The IACHR was created in 1959, and met for Barbados Email Lists the first time in 1960. 5.

As early as 1961, the IACHR began Buy Business Email Marketing List conducting on-site visits to observe the general human rights situation in a country, or to investigate a particular situation. Since then, it has made 77 visits to 23 member countries. Based on general observations on the situation in a country, the Barbados Email Lists IACHR publishes special reports, of which fifty have been released to date. 6. Since 1965, the IACHR has been expressly authorized to receive and process complaints or petitions on individual cases in which human rights violations are alleged. Until 1999, it has received several Barbados Email Lists tens of thousands of petitions, Buy Business Email Marketing List which have resulted in 12,000 processed or pending cases. (The processing method is described below). Final published reports on these cases can be found in the Commission’s annual reports or by country. 7. In 1969, the American Convention Barbados Email Lists on Human Rights was approved, which entered into force in Buy Business Email Marketing List 1978 and has been ratified, as of May 2000, by 24 countries: Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica. , Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. The Convention defines the human rights that the

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States Parties undertake internationally to respect and enforce. The Convention also creates the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and defines the powers and procedures Buy Business Email Marketing List of both the Court and the IACHR. The IACHR has additional powers prior to the Convention, Barbados Email Lists such as processing individual petitions related to States that are not parties to the Convention. 8. The Commission has the main function of promoting the observance and defense of human rights, and in the exercise of its mandate: 1. It receives, analyzes, and investigates individual petitions alleging human rights violations, as provided in the Articles 44 to 51 of the Convention. This procedure is described in more detail later. 2. It observes Buy Business Email Marketing List the general validity of human rights in the member states, and when it deems Barbados Email Lists it appropriate publishes special reports on the situation in a particular state. 3. Make on-site visits to the countries to deepen the general observation of the situation, Barbados Email Lists and / or to investigate a particular situation. Generally, Buy Business Email Marketing List these visits result in the preparation of a respective report, which is published and sent to the General Assembly. 4.

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